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灾害危机培训:导论

类别 :
作者 : George W. Doherty
ISBN : 978-1-932690-42-2
原著地区 : 美国
原著语言 : 英语
出版日期 : 2007
发布者 :
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本书为那些帮助灾民摆脱压力和创伤的心理咨询师和现场急救人员提供些这方面的信息和参考。能够帮助他们在同灾民和同事正式接触前,做好一切准备。在讲述警告标志和症状的同时,也会提供一些恢复阶段的对策和干预方法。这本书可以让你深入了解灾难、社会反应、现场急救人员的作用、灾后心理健康服务和紧急事件压力管理等等方面的知识。针对灾民和灾难救援人员的特点,本书还给出了一个简单的概述,以供参考。不管是在灾难还是其他重大事故中,紧急事件压力管理都能发挥这中流砥柱的作用。这本书也讨论战争、恐怖主义活动所带给人的影响,同时给出了心理健康专家的相关治疗方法。这本书的目的是为了帮助读者找到适当的方法来协助心理健康干预小组针对灾民、同事以及自己展开的心理健康服务。本书内容丰富,不仅包括一般性理论、灾难心理健康模式、紧急事件压力管理、常用的危机干预方法、支持研究,还应包括受到灾害、重大事件和恐怖威胁影响的难民、工作者和社区提供帮助时的具体实践方法.
本书的评价:
全面的知识和掌握这些的有效方法。这绝对是灾难救援人员的必读书。尤其是那些心理健康专家更应好好利用这本书、

布鲁斯 L 安德鲁斯(美国红十字协会灾难心理健康指导员)
这是一本很好的指导书,让你很好地了解紧急事件压力管理。与此同时,这本书也是灾难心理健康恢复的最好咨询师。
落基山灾难心理健康研究出版社

总结经验,规划未来

平装本: 288页

开本尺寸: 18.9 x 1.5 x 24.6 cm

原文节选 :

1 Introduction

Working with survivors following the loss of loved ones, homes, prop-erty or community is one role of disaster mental health professionals. Besides meeting their basic physical needs, clients will need to understand the grieving process, which may extend for a prolonged period of time. Disaster mental health professionals also work with first responders and other responders to disasters and critical incidents. Their role here is to assist in keeping responders on the job and to help mitigate post-traumatic stress.

Throughout this course, you will learn why Critical Incident Stress Management, Defusing, Debriefing and other forms of crisis intervention have important roles in alleviating disaster induced stress and in prevent-ing further psychological complications among victims and first responders.

Definitions

A crisis is defined in terms of an individual’s response to a situation rather than in terms of the situation itself. The same situation may pro-duce a crisis in one person, but not in another. A crisis exists when a person feels so threatened in a situation that he/she cannot cope with it. Their normal resources for dealing with an emergency break down and the individual becomes immobilized. Thus, a crisis exists IN a person. The individual may become confused and overwhelmed by the situation and unable to meet the demands placed upon him/her. It is therefore under-standable that a disaster may produce a crisis reaction in an individual, whether they are a survivor or a responder.

A crisis may also be an important learning experience for an individual. Normal patterns of behavior have fallen apart, leaving defenses down. The individual is open and accepting of help in problem solving in order to restore his/her equilibrium. New coping skills and strategies may be de-veloped to assist with this as well as future crises which may occur.

Following are some of the definitions of major techniques which are commonly used by disaster me

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