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The Survey on China's Social Honesty Crisis

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Author: 李松(Li Song)
ISBN: 9787504474223
Original Region: China
Original Language: Simplified Chinese
Publication Date: 2011
Publisher:
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About the book:

The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis, full of awareness of unexpected development, is a survey work featured by criticalness and constructiveness.

This book exposes fully the current situation of China’s social honesty with a special perspective and in-depth analysis, covering governmental affair honesty, business honesty, personal honesty, etc. And the topics in this title are focused on the most interested social hot-pot issues, including the being represented culture, fake statistic date, radish recruitment, food safety, fake officers’ education background, common-placed false certificates, illegal buying the affordable housing, surrogacy, the paper trading. When writing this book, the author feels so upset that cannot help thinking about it.

This book, cuts through the time’s appearance, puts aside the magnificent surface, is full of sharp views. This book marks the time that time humanity falling is approaching the bottom line. The author has nothing to do but to write them down.

About the author:

Li Song, born in Mengzi County, Yunnan province, is a member of Yunnan branch of Chinese Writers Association and Yunnan Poetry Association. The first half of his life was make up of reading, writing, thinking and walking. He began to work in the Xinhua News Agency in Feb. 2001, and then he became the internal reference editor, Beijing channel director of Xinhua net successively. Now, he who is good at giving us an in-depth report is the reporter of Outlook Weekly.

Mr. Li has published hundreds of works in Outlook Weekly, China Comment, People’s Daily, and Globe since 2005. Many of his works have become the Party School of the CPC Central Committer’s training material. And some of them got the award of Xinhua News Agency Excellent News Work Prize in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010. Further more; his works also had a profound influence on society.

As an investigative reporter, Li, for a long time, is dedicated to the public social interest and people’s well-being survey. His reports combine sensibility with rationality, which can always grasp the major social hot spots, focuses and difficult issues.

His major works: The Survey on China’s Invisible Power (Huaxia Publishing House, 2011), Listening and Telling (Beijing Yanshan Press, 1999), Night’s Mark (Overseas Chinese Press, 1997).

Reviews & Endorsements:

The problems exposed by The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis that we concern a lot, and the views need us to think about it deeply. A person without strong social responsibility has no courage to be realistic. Without the spirit of exposing the truth and the ability of insight, nobody can write such an excellent work.

——Gong Weibin, Professor and Director of the Research and Education Division, National School of Administration

The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis shocks us. The person who cannot face the reality would rather to close their eyes. For this work, all the people cannot close their eyes as all of us has involved in the loss of honesty.

——Zhang Ming, Professor of development of political science of Renmin University of China

The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis exposes and analyzes the lack of credibility in today’s China with scientific research and unique perspective. It not only strikes the alarm bell to the society in term of the honesty crisis, it also provides a solution to resolve the crisis in front of us.

——Ji Lianhai, Lecturer of Lecture Room of CCTV and a well-known history scholar

The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis is thought-provoking, as it exposes the loss of honesty in today’s China rationally and profoundly. What the book attract the eyes of us lies in perusing of the human’s conscience not the narration of facts.

——Lu Zhaowang, Professor of Institute of Politics and Public Management, China University of Political Science and Law

A man cannot success without honesty; your business cannot last without honesty; a country without honesty is doomed to fall. The Survey on China’s Social Honesty Crisis conducts the research in a lot of industries. The cases in it are shocking; the comments are bold and impressive. And it gives all of us a warning. So I would like to appreciate, analyze and encourage each other with readers to build the honesty.

——Tan Fang, Founder and Editor-in-chief of Chinahaoren.com, Professor of South China Normal University

Catalogue

Openings/ the dialogue about China’s social honesty crisis

The government serves as a benchmark for the social integrity

Part one/ personal honesty: challenge the limits

1.Sequelae of Peng Yu case

2.The culture of buying and selling official positions

3.The phenomenon of pseudo experts

4.Who is damaging China’s philanthropy?

5.Officials’ fake credential test the social honesty

6.Rampant real space of fake certifications

7.Fraudulent purchase of affordable housing

8.Unspoken rule of power broker

9.Internet marketer does anything the can to make money

10.Cannot bear the burden of freeloading

11.Who does make the fake information in Weibo?

12.Surrogacy breaks the bottom line of moral

13.Expose the interests’ chain of recycling the medicine

14.Where do they go when the leaders retired?

15.Thesis gunner affects the academic circle

Part 2/ business honesty: suffering

1.What do we dare to eat in China?

2.Expose the inside story of Huntu

3.Intermediary organizations——the new main body of social corruption

4.The medical trouble, what for?

5.The phenomenon: micro-blog marketing

6.TV shopping: it is nothing

7.The problems in real estate market

8.Labor dispatching becomes a safe harbor for infringement

9.Fingerprint attendance inflect the loss of trust

10.Mobile phone bug: no privacy

11.Page charges damage the academic honesty

12.The red and black list of group buying

13.Underground trade: recruit fresh graduates from the outside of Beijing

14.The problematic billionaire pay the cost for the loss of honesty

15.The public question the credibility of he Corporate Social Responsibility Report

16.The Corporate Social Responsibility crisis chain

Part 3/ the government affairs honesty: where is the bottom line

1.Compete with the people violates the Oath

2.Official consumption becomes the power consumption

3.How many of us will be being represented?

4.The power behind the hearing

5.Why does the radish recruitment happen so frequently?

6.Question the credibility of the public opinion poll

7.Handled separately turns into the black hole in this way

8.Puzzle of the statistic dates

9.Myth of the illegal income of the civil servant

10. When the competitive election will put into place

11. The problems behind the official documents

12. Where are the reserve cadres?

13. Government-run festivals reveals the hunger for achievements

14. How the employment rate myth is created?

15. The things about the evaluation on

16. Interests black hole of the exams

Part 4/ the general report on crisis

The honesty crisis shakes the foundation of the social stability

Excerpt from the origin:

序言

新华社记者李松在《中国社会诚信危机调查》中,从个人、商业、公权力三个方面,用大量深入调查和深度访问,全面深刻地揭示了中国社会存在的诚信问题,把中国的诚信危机浓缩为一句话——“谁还能相信谁?”

无疑,这是一个可以引起广泛共鸣的问题,也是一个让社会大众灰心、失望的问题。

我在今年出版的《社会心态蓝皮书》总报告中,把这种诚信危机称为信任困境,危机可以通过一定努力来化解,困境暂时还看不到解决的突破口。我想没有人会否认中国出现的诚信问题,仅以近一时期发生的事情为例,就足以说明这种诚信危机的广度与深度。退潮中的“郭美美事件”又一次激起了波澜,也为中国的诚信危机加了一条新的注解。一个被网友蔑称为“无脑”的弱女子,成了“推动中国红十字会改革的最大推手”,这真是一个绝妙反讽!这个“蝴蝶”翅膀扇起的微风掀起的巨澜,重重击在了中国红十字会这艘诚信根基不稳的巨轮上,杀伤力有多大,谁也无法预料,而乐善好施者原本应得到更多的信任,中国红十字会若干的公关无法消除民众的不信任.迟到的捐款查询平台引来新的质疑。“再度出山”的郭美美引来了对于学者郎成平、“股神”母亲、“干爹”王军的质疑,这个事件中大面积的不信任既包括机构,也包括个人。

温州动车追尾事故后,民众追问事故真相,人们不相信铁道部发布的信息,人们怀疑铁道部处理事故的动机,人们用“不上座”的方式对高铁投出了不信任票.人们怀疑超速的发展方式。“至于你信不信,反正我是信了”,铁道部发言人的这句话令大众错愕。公权力对公众的傲慢和无视,由此可见一斑。这句话的潜台词,充分暴露了当前社会诚信困境的原因。风险在我们这个被冠以“风险社会”的时代无法彻底避免,但风险应该最大限度地消除,而消除风险最有力的策略就是诚信,正如社会学家卢曼所言,诚信是简化复杂的机制。

罗纳德·英格尔哈特指出诚信是经济交换的润滑剂,低社会诚信与文化、经济的落后相关,弗朗西斯-福山在其名著《信任:社会美德与创造经济繁荣》中,也提出诚信是造成经济成就差距的根源的观点。他认为:“一个民族的福利及其竞争力取决于文化特性,即这个社会固有的诚信程度。”福山把中国围绕家庭维系的信任关系归入低信任度社会。而根据我们《社会心态蓝皮书》课题的几次调查结果与这种说法一致。中国人最信任的人中,第一位是家人,第二位是亲密朋友,前者是高度信任,后者是中度信任,熟人、同事等都属于低度信任。我们不同意福山把信任归于一种文化的结果,但我们必须承认提高社会的诚信度将极大地降低社会的交易和运行成本,因为现代社会是陌生人社会,多数情况下我们要与陌生人打交道,总是把陌生人放在骗子的角度去审视、去鉴别,无形中增加了许多的交易成本。李松在书中为我们展示了种种不诚信,在这样恶劣的社会环境下每个人都要处处提防,要使自己不落入圈套就必须成为很多方面的专家,比如食品专家、商品鉴定专家、医学专家、房地产专家、电子信息专家、统计专家,等等。没有人能成为全面的专家,也就没有人不受不诚信之苦。最近。一个复旦大学研究生和几十名志愿者完成的食品安全事件报告,甚至把中国的食品状况描述为“易粪相食”。

从李松对诚信问题的全面揭示中,我们更体会到中国陷入社会诚信不断降低与社会诚信重建艰难的困境。人们的诚信虽然从过去和当下的经验中来,但却是指向未来的,从这个意义上讲,失去诚信就是失去未来。

我们并不认同中国文化下的低度诚信说法,中国更缺乏的是建立诚信的制度。因此,和谐社会的建构应该从诚信重建开始。社会诚信重建既包括人际诚信、商业诚信等水平诚信的重建,也包括对公共权力机关的垂直诚信的重建,在一定意义上,垂直诚信的重建更为关键,也直接影响到水平诚信的建立。因为人际不诚信增加的是人际交往的成本,损失的是社会成本,而公共权力执行者和公共权力机关的失信不仅仅是成本的增加,而是意味着社会普遍规则的失灵,社会交易将无法进行,因此,社会诚信能否重建,关键在于公权力诚信的重建。

是为序。

2011年8月7日

于北京

后记

近几年,我一直在关注中国社会的诚信问题。

在中国传统社会中,诚信一直被视为立身之本,是人际交往的首要准则。无论是个人、企业和政府,都离不开诚信。

孔子曾说:“民无信不立。”韩非子也说:“巧诈不如拙诚。”古代,中国曾一度被称为“礼仪之邦”。

从传统道德发展来看,在专制主义黑暗统治下,明清封建伦理道德已经严重扭曲。这时期的文字狱,则是统治者用谎言罗织罪名、打击异己的历史性灾难。而其腐败不堪的官场,更是将社会诚信引至低谷,成为明清王朝走向灭亡的起点。

新中国成立后很长一段时间,社会风气很好,是一个比较诚信的社会。但是,从“大跃进”、“人民公社化”以后,各地谎报生产指标,造假之风盛行。而“十年动乱”期间,更是使原本互信的社会人际关系逐步走向冷漠,甚至走向猜忌。在党的十一届三中全会后,又确认“实事求是”的指导思想,中国重新走上了务实求新的道路。

20世纪90年代,改革开放继续深化,整个中国处在剧烈的社会转型期,人们的价值取向再次发生了重大变化。在各种利益驱动下,中国社会渐现诚信危机端倪。

冰冻三尺非一日之寒。温家宝总理曾经所言:必须清醒地看到,当前文化建设特别是道德文化建设,同经济发展相比仍然是一条“短腿”。

那么,这条“短腿”到底有多短呢?近年来,中国发生的“周老虎”事件、曹操墓之争、三鹿“毒奶粉”事件、蒙牛“诽谤门”、唐骏“学历门”、张悟本及李一事件等多领域造假丑闻,已经给出了一道令人心惊肉跳的答案。

2010年,中国社会科学院蓝皮书课题组对北京、上海、广州三市市民的调查结果显示,三市总体的社会信任属“低度信任”。而2011年2月11日至14日,新华社《嘹望》新闻周刊联合国内专业调查研究机构——新生代市场监测机构,对北京、上海、广州、杭州、成都等5个大中城市的民意调查数据也显示,被访者对当前中国社会诚信状况总体评价较低,仅有4.8%的被访者评价“好”,48.7%评价“一般”,接近半数(46.6%)被访者认为社会诚信状况“差”,甚至“很差”。

作为一种社会关系存在的诚信,与制度因素和社会变迁的影响密切相关。随着近年中国社会结构的变化,社会诚信状况不但越来越差,有些方面甚至十分令人堪忧,这已成为中国一个显著的社会问题,且恶果初现。比如据商务部统计,中国企业每年因信用缺失导致的直接和间接经济损失高达6000亿元。在诚信成本太高,而失信又几乎没什么成本的情况下,违约、造假、欺诈的故事几乎每天都在中国各地各个领域纷纷上演。可见,巨额的信用成本,如同扼住企业喉咙的那只手,在残酷地剥夺着中国企业本来就狭小的生存空间。作为世界第二大经济体的中国,正在为诚信缺失付出沉重的代价,而且这种代价将是持续性的。

一个现代社会必须是一个诚信社会,否则支持其现代性的各种制度就无法运转起来,因为它们需要得到包括公众个人以及各种社会组织的认同、参与和服从。更重要的是,只有诚信的社会,才能建成一个和谐而稳定的社会。

在当前,有必要通过建立公民、企业和其他组织的诚信系统,通过有效的奖惩措施,强化公民和组织的诚信行为,逐渐建立人际信任和组织信任。同时,更需要政府以法治为基础,从构建政务诚信入手,提高公共权力运行的透明度,完善公共权力的监督机制,约束和规范公共权力执行,严格问责失信的公共权力执行者和组织,进一步提高公共权力机关的公信力。

正是基于对中国社会诚信状况的这些了解和认识,我也就萌生了出版一部有关社会诚信的书的想法。这部书选编49篇作品,其中大部分是我近几年在《嘹望》、《半月谈》等刊物上发表的作品,而少数还未曾面世。我本来以为,这类作品只是一时一景之作,会犹如时光随“雨打风吹去”。但回首却发现,文中涉及的各个领域的诚信问题,在今日越显严重,有些甚至突破社会道德的底线,也越发觉得出版这部书具有极强的现实意义。需要说明的是,对于发表过的作品,选编入书时,基本忠于原文,仅在细节方面作了适当删除和修改,或补充一些最新信息。

此书得以顺利出版,首先,感谢王俊秀先生、胡仙芝女士两位学者拨冗为本书作序。其次,感谢多年以来不厌其烦接受我采访的众多专家学者,以及一些不知名的普通人士,他们为这部书贡献了自己的智慧。再次,感谢中国商业出版社的领导及编辑为本书付出的辛勤劳动。同时,新华社《嘹望》新闻周刊编委会执行主任、执行总编辑汤华先生,北京美兰德信息公司总经理周江先生、副总经理白雪峰先生,以及新生代市场监测机构副总经理肖明超先生,他们在此书的成稿过程中,给予了我许多支持和鼓励,在此一并致谢。

这部书出版,意味着我已把评判权完全交给了读者,期待有更多善意的批评和指正。我的电子邮箱是xhslisong@163.com。

李松

2011年9月1日于北京

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