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Song Dynasty in One Book

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Author: 李之亮(Li Zhiliang)
ISBN: 9787101075014
Original Region: China
Original Language: Simplified Chinese
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher:
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This book presents Song Dynasty in five aspects: politics, economy, military, foreign affairs, culture and society. It expounds on the 300 years’ history of the dynasty and corrects people’s long-term misunderstanding of the position of Song Dynasty with the following ideas:

Firstly, Song Dynasty is not weak and vulnerable; secondly, it is not a corrupt dynasty; thirdly, it is not featured by treacherous court officials or poor livelihood; fourthly, it not only boasts cultural success such as Song lyrics , but also makes prominent achievements in science and technology, economic development, foreign trade etc.; fifthly, it adopted the most favorable cultural policies in ancient China.

Excerpt from the origin:

上编:宋朝历史大势

  太祖、太宗时期

  杯酒释兵权

  一千多年前的一个新年伊始,一位年仅三十三岁、名叫赵匡胤的年轻军官把宇宙乾坤翻转了一百八十度,一夜间建立了一个崭新的赵宋皇朝。这就是中国历史上鼎鼎有名的“陈桥兵变”(陈桥是汴京以北的陈桥驿兵站)。昨天还是禁军统帅的赵匡胤,堂而皇之地登上了皇帝的宝座。这一天是960年的正月初四。然而皇帝毕竟只是个名义,此前的五代十国,皇帝就像走马灯一样你方唱罢我登场,后来苏轼在给名相富弼写的《富郑公神道碑》中感叹道:“五代八姓,十有二君。……以人为嬉,以杀为儇(xufin)。”从907年至959年短短的五十多年里,更换了五个朝代、八姓帝王、十二位君主(确切地说应该是十三位君主),而他们共同的特征是“把人当成玩意儿,把杀人当成快乐”。这就是陈桥兵变之前将近百年的真实写照。赵匡胤虽然也出身于军阀,但他很清楚,如果他登上帝位之后循着老路继续往下走,说不定几年之后,他又成了“六代”之末的第十四位下台皇帝。

宋朝初建时,仅占有中原地区一百多个州郡,在这些州郡中,跟从赵匡胤指挥棒转的人也为数不多;更何况在他的身边,还存在着不少掌握禁军的实力派军阀。可以这么说:在他皇帝宝座的四周,密密麻麻布满了随时可以引爆的炸弹。这就迫使赵匡胤必须认真考虑如何才能坐稳龙椅,连龙椅都坐不稳,就谈不上救天下苍生于水火了。

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